Benign tumors of the uterus, otherwise called Uterine Fibroids originates in the womb. Though the tumors are composed of the same muscles as the walls of the uterus, they are much denser and are normally a round or semi round shape.

They are often located in different places around the uterus, and are described based on their location. For example subserosal tumors are located outside the surface of the uterus, while submucosal tumors are located inside, beneath the lining of the uterus.

It is not yet known exactly why women develop these benign tumors. However, it is usually linked to genetic abnormalities. Family history of benign tumors found within women of the same family is a key factor in detecting its development. Women of African descent are two to three times more likely to develop benign tumors of the uterus than any other race. Pregnancy and the consumption of oral contraceptives both decrease the likelihood of the benign tumors developing.

Most women with benign tumors of the uterus rarely have any symptoms. However abnormal bleeding from the uterus is the most common symptom of the condition. If the tumors are near the uterus lining they may cause heavy bleeding during menstruation or extremely painful periods. They also pose another threat because women who suffer from severe bleeding because of the tumors usually develop anemia.

In some cases tumors that do not cause a problem for the woman may be left untreated, but can be treated by surgery or the administration of hormones.

Words: Tife Kusoro

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